Do You Know the Advantages and Disadvantages of Lead Acid Battery ?

News 2022年11月7日 125

At present, the main secondary batteries (storage battery) of large-scale industrialization include lead-acid batteries, cadmium nickel batteries, nickel-hydrogen batteries, and lithium-ion batteries.  Cd-ni batteries contain the highly toxic element cadmium and have been gradually replaced by other batteries.  At present, the most widely used batteries in the market are lead-acid batteries, lithium-ion batteries, and nickel-hydrogen batteries.

Lead Acid Battery Advantages

Compared with other secondary batteries, the lead acid batter has the following advantages.

Lead acid battery capacity

sealed lead acid battery
sealed lead acid battery

High-capacity battery technology is mature. It can be made into 1000ah or more batteries, which provides convenience for large-scale energy storage.

Lead acid batteries with high operating voltage, and a wide operating temperature range, are suitable for electric vehicles and other high-rate discharge applications.

Lead acid battery safety

The lead-acid battery uses dilute sulfuric acid as an electrolyte, no flammability, and the battery uses atmospheric pressure or low-pressure design, and good safety. Now the market popular sealed lead acid battery, a good way to avoid liquid leakage, and safety are further enhanced. It can be used for floating charging and has excellent shallow charging and shallow discharge performance.

Lead-acid batteries are widely used in many fields

The lead acid battery is suitable for uninterruptible power supply (UPS), new energy storage, power grid peak cutting and valley filling, and other fields.

lead acid battery for solar
lead acid battery for solar
lead acid battery for car
lead acid battery for car
ups lead acid battery
ups lead acid battery

Lead acid battery recycling

The lead acid battery has the advantages of simple production, mature recycling technology and high recovery value. It is the easiest battery to recycle and reuse.  The global production of recycled lead has exceeded the primary lead production. The recycling rate of waste lead in the United States has exceeded 98.5%, and the recycling rate of waste lead acid battery in China has reached more than 90%. 

Caloong New Energy is a lead acid battery manufacturer owned by Zhenxin Group.

Zhenxin Metallurgical Company, a subsidiary of Zhenxin Group, produces metallic lead and lead alloys. 

The company relies on its own raw material advantage, equipped with advanced lead plate production equipment. 

Caloong lead acid battery has the advantages of high-quality raw materials, stable supply of the product, and competitive price.

caloong new energy lead acid battery production
caloong new energy lead acid battery production

Cd-ni batteries, nickel-hydrogen batteries, and lithium-ion batteries are mostly small batteries with complex composition, high regeneration cost, and difficult recycling, which makes it difficult for the regeneration industry to realize market-oriented operation.  At present, the global average recycling proportion of these batteries is less than 20%, especially lithium-ion batteries, most countries have not achieved effective recycling and regeneration

Lead acid battery cost

Lead-acid batteries are the cheapest secondary batteries, costing about one-third as much per unit of energy as lithium-ion or nickel-hydrogen batteries.

The technology of lead-acid battery is mature and the production process is simple.

In addition, the important components of lead-acid batteries are lead and lead compounds, and the lead content is more than 60% of the total mass of the battery. The salvage value of used batteries is higher, and the recovery price is more than 30% of the new battery, so the comprehensive cost of lead-acid batteries is lower.

lead acid battery
lead acid battery

Disadvantages of Lead Acid Battery

Although lead-acid batteries are a bit too much, they do have some disadvantages. 

1. Low energy density 

The mass and volume energy density of the traditional lead-acid battery is low, the energy density is only about 1/3 of the lithium-ion battery, and 1/2 of the nickel-hydrogen battery, and the volume is large, not suitable for the use of lightweight, small-volume.  In the future, the energy density of lead-acid batteries still has great room for improvement, especially for lead-acid batteries with new materials and technologies, such as carbon foam. 

2. The lead-acid battery cycle life is short 

The cycle life of traditional lead-acid batteries is short, and the theoretical cycle times are about 1/3 of that of lithium-ion batteries.  The cycle life of lead-acid battery improvement space is still relatively large, especially with new materials, new structures,s and new technology lead-acid batteries, such as bipolar lead-acid batteries, lead-carbon batteries, etc. 

3. There is a risk of lead pollution in the industrial chain 

Lead is an important raw material for lead-acid batteries, which account for more than 60% of battery production costs. The amount of lead used in lead-acid batteries occupied more than 80% of the total amount of lead used.  Lead is a heavy metal. The lead-acid battery manufacturing industry chain (including primary lead smelting, battery manufacturing, battery recycling, and recycled lead smelting) has a high risk of lead pollution. Poor management will cause environmental pollution and harm to human health.